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首頁 > 高考總復習 > 高考英語復習方法 > 英語13個句型記住高中全部語法

英語13個句型記住高中全部語法

2020-03-03 22:38:28網絡整理亚洲AV国产AV手机在线

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线下面的13個句型涉及到幾乎高中全部語法內容,在各個題型中均常出現。

       1、as 句型

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线(1) as引導方式狀語從句句型:“按照……;正如……”

例:As(it is)in your country, we grow wheat in the north and rice in the south.

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线正如(像) 你們國家一樣,我們北方種植小麥,南方種植水稻。

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线(2) as+形容詞/副詞原級+(a /an)+名詞+as ;

否定式:not as/so --- as

例:He is as good a player as his sister.

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线他和他姐姐一樣是位優秀的運動員。

(3) such + n. + as to do 如此……以致于……

例:She is such a fool as to believe what he said.

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线她是一個如此的一個笨蛋以致相信了他所說的話。

(4) so + adj./adv. + as to do sth 如此……以致于……

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线例:He was so strong as to carry the heavy box.

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线他是如此的強壯以致于能提起那重箱子。

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线(5) such...as... 象……之類的…… (接名詞或定語從句)

例:He wished to be such a man as Lei Feng was.

他希望成為一個像雷鋒這樣的人。

(6) the same +名詞+as 和……一樣的…… (接名詞或定語從句)

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线例:He is not the same man as he used to be.

他不是從前的那樣子了。

(7) as 引導非限制性定語從句

例:As is known to us, knowledge is power.

眾所周知,知識就是力量。

(8)引導時間狀語從句,與while意義相近

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线例:We get wiser as we get older.

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线隨著我們長大,我們也變得越來越聰明。

(9) 引導原因狀語從句,與 because的用法相近

例:As it was getting very late, we soon turned back.

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线因為越來越遲了,所以我們不久就回來了。

(10) 引導讓步狀語從句

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线例:Child as he is, he knows much about science.

盡管他是一個小孩,但他對科學了解得很多。

       2、prefer 句型

(1) prefer to do sth

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线例:I prefer to stay at home.

我寧愿呆在家里。

(2) prefer doing sth

例:I prefer playing in defence.

我喜歡打防守。

(3) prefer sb to do sth

例:Would you prefer me to stay?

你愿意我留下來嗎?

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线(4) prefer to do sth rather than do sth ……

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线寧愿…...而不愿...

例句:I prefer to stay at home rather than go out.

我寧愿呆在家里而不愿出去.

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线(5) prefer doing sth to doing sth

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线例:I prefer watching football to playing it.

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线我喜歡看籃球,不喜歡打籃球。

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线(6) prefer sth to sth

例:I prefer tea to coffee.

我要茶不要咖啡。

       3、when 句型

(1) be doing sth...when...

例:He was still smiling when the door opened and his wife came in.

他正笑著的時候門突然開了,他妻子走了進來。

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线(2) be about to do sth ... when ...

例:We were about to start when it began to rain.

我們剛要出發,天就開始下雨了。

(3) had just done ... when ...

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线例:I had just gone to bed after a very hard day when the phone rang.

在勞累了一天之后我剛剛就寢,電話鈴就響了。

       4、seem 句型

(1) It +seems + that從句

例:It seemed that everyone was satisfied.

看來好像每個人都很滿意。

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线(2) It seems to sb that ...

例:It seems to me that she is right.

我看她是對的,

(3) There seems to be ...

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线例:There seems to be a heavy rain.

看上去要有一場大雨。

(4) It seems as if ...

例:It seemed that she couldn't come to class.

看樣子她不能來上課了。

       5、表示“相差…;增加了..;增加到..”句型

(1) She is taller than I by three inches.

她比我高三英寸

(2) There is one year between us.

我們之間相差一歲。

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线(3) She is three years old than I.

她比我大三歲。

(4) They have increased the price by 50%.

他們把價格上漲了50%

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线(5) His salary has rised to 10,000 yuan per month.

他的工資已經漲到了每月10,000元。

       6、what 引導的名詞性從句

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线(1) what 引導主語從句

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线例:What surprised me is that everybody seemed to be very indifferent to her.

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线讓我吃驚的是每個人似乎對她都很冷淡。

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线[ indifferent adj.不關心的;冷漠的]

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线(2) what 引導賓語從句

例:We can learn what we do not know.

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线我們能學會我們不懂的東西。

(3) what 引導表語從句

例:That is what I want.

那正是我所要的。

(4) what 引導同位語從句

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线例:I have no idea what they are talking about.

我不知道他們正在談論什么。

       7、too句型

(1) too ... to do ...

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线例:Politics is too important to be left to the politicians.(=Politics is so important that it can't be left to the politicians.)

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线政治太重要了,不能由政治家來決定。

(2) only too ... to do ...

例:I shall be only too pleased to get home.

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线我要回到家里就非常高興。

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线(3) too + adj + for sth

例:These shoes are much too small for me.

我穿這雙鞋太小了。

(4) too + adj + a + n.

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线例:This is too difficult a text for me. 這篇課文對我來說太難了。

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线(5) can't … too +形容詞 無論……也不為過

例:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.

我們再怎么強調保護眼睛的重要性也不為過。

       8、where 句型

(1) where 引導的定語從句

例:This is the house where he lived last year.

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线這就是他去年住過的房子。

(2) where 引導的狀語從句

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线例:Where there is a will,there is a way.

有志者事竟成。

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线He left his key where he could find.

他將鑰匙放在易找到的地方。

I will go where I want to go.

我要去我想去的地方。

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线(3) where 引導的表語從句

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线例:This is where you are wrong.

這正是你錯的地方。

       9、wish 句型

(1) wish that sb did sth 希望某人現在做某事

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线例:I wish I were as strong as you.

我希望和你一樣強壯。

(2) wish that sb had done sth 希望某人過去做某事

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线例:I wish you had told me earlier

要是你早點告訴我就好了。

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线(3) wish that sb would/could do sth 希望某人將來做某事

例:I wish you would succeed this time.

我希望你這次會成功。

       10、would rather 句型

(1) would rather do sth than do sth 寧愿做……而不愿做……

例:She would rather die than turn against his motherland.

她寧可死也不去背叛祖國。

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线(2) would rather have done sth 寧愿過去做過某事

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线例:I would rather have taken his advice.

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线我寧愿過去接受他的意見。

(3) would rather sb had done sth 寧愿某人過去做過某事

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线例:I would rather I had passed the examination last week.

我真希望通過上星期的考試。

(4) would rather sb did sth 寧愿某人現在或將來做某事

例:Who would you rather went with you?

你寧愿誰和你一起去?

       11、before 句型

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线(1) before sb can/ could … 某人還沒來得及……

例:Before I could get in a word ,he had measured me.

我還沒來得及插話,他就給我量好了尺寸。

(2) It will be +時間+ before + 還有多長時間……

例:It will be 4 years before he graduates.

他還有四年時間變畢業了。

(3) had done some time before (才……)

例:We had sailed four days and four nights before we saw land.

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线我們航行了四天四夜才見到陸地。

(4) had not done ... before ... 不到……就……

例:We hadn’t run a mile before he felt tired.

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线我們還沒走到一英里路就覺得累了。

(5) It was not +一段時間+ before 不多久就……

例:It wasn’t two years before he left the country.

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线還沒到兩年他們離開了那國家。

       12、強調句型

(1) It is /was +被強調部分+that(who)...

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线例:It was I who wrote to my uncle yesterday.

是我昨天給我叔叔寫信的。

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线(2) Is/was it + 被強調部分 + that (who) ...

例:Was it your brother that you met in the street?

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线在街上你遇見的是你兄弟嗎?

(3) Where/who/what/how等特殊疑問詞 + is/was it that ...

例:How is it that you will go to visit her tomorrow?

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线明天你究竟怎樣去看望她?

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线(4) do/does/did +謂語動詞 (強調謂語)

例:They do know the place well.

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线他們的確很熟悉那個地方。

       13、用于表示過去未實現的希望和計劃

(1)would like to/ would love to have done sth.

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线例:I would like to have written to you.

我本想給你寫信的。

亚洲AV国产AV手机在线(2) was / were going to do sth.(用過去將來時態表示原打算做什么)

例:Lucy was going to watch a basketball match.

Lucy 原打算看一場籃球比賽。

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